||4. In Gaurav Khanna's paper, he evaluates the impact of a policy in Haryana that reserved certain jobs and university seats for members of historically oppressed castes on educational attainment. Suppose that when the policy was implemented, Caste X fell just below the eligibility cutoff and qualified for this affirmative action, while Caste Y fell just above the cutoff and did not qualify. Based on Khanna's findings, what would we expect to be true of the educational attainment of Caste X and Caste Y after the policy was implemented? a. Caste X will have less education than Caste Y. b. Caste X and Caste Y will have identical levels of education. c. Caste X will have more education than Caste Y. d. The education levels of both Caste X and Caste Y will decrease relative to before the affirmative action policy was implemented. e. None of the above. discrimination because 5. Antonovics and Knight find evidence that police engage in black police officers and white police officers a. statistical / search black motorists' cars at different rates b. statistical / search black motorists' cars at the same rate c. preference-based / search black motorists' cars at different rates d. preference-based / search black motorists' cars at the same rate e.no / aren't racist 6. The economics department at University Q implements a gender-neutral family leave policy which stops a professor's tenure clock for one year upon the addition of a child to his or her family. Based on Antecol, Bedard, and Stearns' findings, how would we expect tenure rates of male and female professors 6 years after the policy was implemented to compare to tenure rates from before the policy was implemented? a. Tenure rates will remain the same for both male and female professors. b. Tenure rates will increase for both male and female professors. C. Tenure rates will increase for female professor only. d. Tenure rates will decrease for both male and female professors. e. Tenure rates will decrease for female professors only.