|Question||In order to protect the wild populations of cockatoos, the Australian authorities have outlawed the export of these large parrots. An illegal market in cockatoos has developed. The cost of capturing an Australian cockatoo and shipping him to the United States is about $40 per bird. Smuggled parrots are drugged and shipped in suitcases. This is extremely traumatic for the birds and about 50% of the cockatoos shipped die in transit. Each smuggled cockatoo has a 10% chance of being discovered, in which case the bird is confiscated and a fine of $500 is charged. Confiscated cockatoos that are alive are returned to the wild. Confiscated cockatoos that are found dead are donated to university cafeterias.?
(a) The probability that a smuggled parrot will reach the buyer alive and unconfiscated is _________. Therefore when the price of smuggled parrots is p, what is the expected gross revenue to a parrot-smuggler from shipping a parrot? _________.
(b) What is the expected cost, including expected fines and the cost of capturing and shipping, per parrot? _________.
(c) The supply schedule for smuggled parrots will be a horizontal line at the market price _________.
(d) The demand function for smuggled cockatoos in the United States is D(p) = 7, 200?20p per year. How many smuggled cockatoos will be sold in the United States per year at the equilibrium price? _________. How many cockatoos must be caught in Australia in order that this number of live birds reaches U.S. buyers? _________.
(e) Suppose that instead of returning live confiscated cockatoos to the wild, the customs authorities sold them in the American market. The profits from smuggling a cockatoo do not change from this policy change. Since the supply curve is horizontal, it must be that the equilibrium price of smuggled cockatoos will have to be the same as the equilibrium price when the confiscated cockatoos were returned to nature. How many live cockatoos will be sold in the United States in equilibrium? _________. How many cockatoos will be permanently removed from the Australian wild? _________.
(f) Suppose that the trade in cockatoos is legalized. Suppose that it costs about $40 to capture and ship a cockatoo to the United States in a comfortable cage and that the number of deaths in transit by this method is negligible. What would be the equilibrium price of cockatoos in the United States? _________. How many cockatoos would be sold in the United States? _________. How many cockatoos would have to be caught in Australia for the U.S. market? _________.