|Question||In 2006, Evo Morales assumed the presidency in Bolivia, a South American country in which official commerce is done in Spanish. Morales is the first Bolivian president of indigenous decent. As president, he quickly instituted reforms that were designed to reduce discrimination against indigenous populations with the aim of eventually reducing inequality. Suppose discrimination before Morales took two forms-discrimination in education by not providing state funds to educate all children (and particularly not educating indigenous children in their native language or in Spanish), and discrimination in the job market by firms not willingly hiring indigenous workers.
(a) In terms of education, which policy would be better at combating discrimination and inequality: (1) providing state funds to educate all people in their native languages, or (2) providing state funds for a public education system that requires all people to learn Spanish and a second, indigenous language? Why?
(b) In terms of the job market, which policy would be best at combating discrimination and inequality: (1) increasing the minimum wage, (2) requiring all firms with at least 50 workers to hire some indigenous workers, or (3) improving the legal system to protect economic rights and activities? Why?